Ecuador and the Galapagos Islands

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Galapagos Islands

Galapagos Islands beach, sea lionThe Galapagos Archipelago is a unique world heritage. Situated on the equator some 600 miles off the coast of South America, this remote volcanic archipelago remains much as it was millions of years ago.

Over the course of centuries, animal and plant life from the Americas reached the islands and gradually evolved into new forms. Many of its species are found nowhere else on earth.

Galapagos is a cluster of some 13 volcanic islands and associated islets and rocks located just under the equator, about 600 miles west of Ecuador in South America. The oldest of the islands are about 4 million years old and the youngest are still in the process of being formed. Indeed, the Galapagos islands are considered to be one of the most active volcanic areas in the world.

Each of the archipelago's islands has its own character and unique qualities. For example, Santa Cruz Island supports one of the largest human populations of the five islands. Some 4,000 residents are distributed among the cattle communities in the lush highlands and the coastal town of Puerto Ayora. Here you can visit the Charles Darwin Research Station to see the land tortoises, or Galapagos, which once greeted Darwin so peacefully.

Espanola (Hood) Island is one of the oldest of the islands. It small and flat, with no volcanic crater or vent. Gardner Bay on the eastern shore offers the islands most magnificent beach. It is used by a transient colony of sea lions, and is a major nesting site for marine turtles.

The wildlife of the Galapagos Islands are extremely adapted to so hostile volcanic atmosphere, located in the Pacific Ocean, 1000 Kilometers west from the continental coastline of Ecuador. This fact and the huge amount of time that the Galapagos Islands where isolated from human life is the reason why the animals are not afraid to humans.

The travelers will have the chance to do some snorkeling in which they will have the chance to watch sea lions with their breedings, penguins, rays, sea turtles and tropical fish of amazing colors.

On mainland the variety of species will show you the Charles Darwin's Dragons, next to the blue foot bobbies nests, playful sea lions and giant foot crabs running around the beach.

About Galapagos

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Scuba diving

Galapagos Islands, girl with a delfin

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Last Modified 9/12/06 1:53 PM